How to Implement Form Validation on in HTML CSS and JavaScript


Form Validation play a crucial role in web development, allowing users to input and submit their data. However, ensuring the accuracy and integrity of the data is essential. This is where form validation comes into play.

Form validation involves ensuring that the data entered by users in a form meets specific criteria and is valid. Its primary purpose is to prevent the submission of incomplete or invalid data.

This blog post is designed to guide beginner web developers through the process of form validation using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. You will start from scratch, learning how to create a responsive form using HTML and CSS. Then, we will dive into the world of form validation and explore how to apply it effectively using JavaScript.

Additionally, you’ll also learn how to show or hide password visibility on the toggle button click. To see a live demo of this form validation in action, scroll to the bottom of this page and click on the View Live Demo button.

Steps For Creating Form Validation in HTML

To create a form and do the validation using HTML, CSS, and vanilla JavaScript, follow the given steps line by line:

  1. Create a folder. You can name this folder whatever you want, and inside this folder, create the mentioned files.
  2. Create an index.html file. The file name must be index and its extension .html
  3. Create an thank-you.html file. The file name must be index and its extension .html
  4. Create a style.css file. The file name must be style and its extension .css
  5. Create a script.js file. The file name must be script and its extension .js

To start, add the following HTML codes to your index.html file to create a basic form layout: This form includes full name, email, password, date of birth, and gender fields, but you can add or remove fields as desired.

How to Implement Form Validation in HTML CSS and JavaScript 1 1
How to Implement Form Validation on in HTML CSS and JavaScript
<!DOCTYPE html>
<!-- Website - -->
<html lang="en">
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <title>Form Validation in HTML | CodingNepal</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">
    <!-- Fontawesome CDN Link For Icons -->
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="" />
    <form action="thank-you.html">
      <h2>Form Validation</h2>
      <div class="form-group fullname">
        <label for="fullname">Full Name</label>
        <input type="text" id="fullname" placeholder="Enter your full name">
      <div class="form-group email">
        <label for="email">Email Address</label>
        <input type="text" id="email" placeholder="Enter your email address">
      <div class="form-group password">
        <label for="password">Password</label>
        <input type="password" id="password" placeholder="Enter your password">
        <i id="pass-toggle-btn" class="fa-solid fa-eye"></i>
      <div class="form-group date">
        <label for="date">Birth Date</label>
        <input type="date" id="date" placeholder="Select your date">
      <div class="form-group gender">
        <label for="gender">Gender</label>
        <select id="gender">
          <option value="" selected disabled>Select your gender</option>
          <option value="Male">Male</option>
          <option value="Female">Female</option>
          <option value="Other">Other</option>
      <div class="form-group submit-btn">
        <input type="submit" value="Submit">

    <script src="script.js"></script>

Next, add the following HTML codes to your thank-you.html file: When the user fills out the form with valid data, they will be redirected to this HTML page. This page includes only a heading that says, “Thank you for filling out the form correctly.”.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <title>Thanks page</title>
    <h1>Thank you for filling out the form correctly.</h1>

Next, add the following CSS codes to your style.css file to style the form and make it responsive and beautiful. You can customize this code to your liking by adjusting the color, font, size, and other CSS properties.

@import url(';500;600;700&display=swap');

* {
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
  box-sizing: border-box;
  font-family: 'Open Sans', sans-serif;

body {
  display: flex;
  align-items: center;
  justify-content: center;
  padding: 0 10px;
  min-height: 100vh;
  background: #1BB295;

form {
  padding: 25px;
  background: #fff;
  max-width: 500px;
  width: 100%;
  border-radius: 7px;
  box-shadow: 0 10px 15px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.05);

form h2 {
  font-size: 27px;
  text-align: center;
  margin: 0px 0 30px;

form .form-group {
  margin-bottom: 15px;
  position: relative;

form label {
  display: block;
  font-size: 15px;
  margin-bottom: 7px;

form input,
form select {
  height: 45px;
  padding: 10px;
  width: 100%;
  font-size: 15px;
  outline: none;
  background: #fff;
  border-radius: 3px;
  border: 1px solid #bfbfbf;

form input:focus,
form select:focus {
  border-color: #9a9a9a;

form input.error,
form select.error {
  border-color: #f91919;
  background: #f9f0f1;

form small {
  font-size: 14px;
  margin-top: 5px;
  display: block;
  color: #f91919;

form .password i {
  position: absolute;
  right: 0px;
  height: 45px;
  top: 28px;
  font-size: 13px;
  line-height: 45px;
  width: 45px;
  cursor: pointer;
  color: #939393;
  text-align: center;

.submit-btn {
  margin-top: 30px;

.submit-btn input {
  color: white;
  border: none;
  height: auto;
  font-size: 16px;
  padding: 13px 0;
  border-radius: 5px;
  cursor: pointer;
  font-weight: 500;
  text-align: center;
  background: #1BB295;
  transition: 0.2s ease;

.submit-btn input:hover {
  background: #179b81;

Finally, add the following JavaScript code to your script.js file to enable form validation, display appropriate error messages, and implement the toggle functionality for password visibility.

// Selecting form and input elements
const form = document.querySelector("form");
const passwordInput = document.getElementById("password");
const passToggleBtn = document.getElementById("pass-toggle-btn");

// Function to display error messages
const showError = (field, errorText) => {
    const errorElement = document.createElement("small");
    errorElement.innerText = errorText;

// Function to handle form submission
const handleFormData = (e) => {

    // Retrieving input elements
    const fullnameInput = document.getElementById("fullname");
    const emailInput = document.getElementById("email");
    const dateInput = document.getElementById("date");
    const genderInput = document.getElementById("gender");

    // Getting trimmed values from input fields
    const fullname = fullnameInput.value.trim();
    const email = emailInput.value.trim();
    const password = passwordInput.value.trim();
    const date = dateInput.value;
    const gender = genderInput.value;

    // Regular expression pattern for email validation
    const emailPattern = /^[^ ]+@[^ ]+\.[a-z]{2,3}$/;

    // Clearing previous error messages
    document.querySelectorAll(".form-group .error").forEach(field => field.classList.remove("error"));
    document.querySelectorAll(".error-text").forEach(errorText => errorText.remove());

    // Performing validation checks
    if (fullname === "") {
        showError(fullnameInput, "Enter your full name");
    if (!emailPattern.test(email)) {
        showError(emailInput, "Enter a valid email address");
    if (password === "") {
        showError(passwordInput, "Enter your password");
    if (date === "") {
        showError(dateInput, "Select your date of birth");
    if (gender === "") {
        showError(genderInput, "Select your gender");

    // Checking for any remaining errors before form submission
    const errorInputs = document.querySelectorAll(".form-group .error");
    if (errorInputs.length > 0) return;

    // Submitting the form

// Toggling password visibility
passToggleBtn.addEventListener('click', () => {
    passToggleBtn.className = passwordInput.type === "password" ? "fa-solid fa-eye-slash" : "fa-solid fa-eye";
    passwordInput.type = passwordInput.type === "password" ? "text" : "password";

// Handling form submission event
form.addEventListener("submit", handleFormData);

Conclusion and Final Words

In conclusion, we started creating the structure of the form using HTML, defining the necessary input fields and their attributes. Then, we used CSS to apply styles to elements such as form fields, labels, and buttons. And last, we used JavaScript to implement form validation logic to ensure that users input valid data. By following the instructions in this blog post, you should now have a functional form with validation features. For further enhancement of your web development skills, I encourage you to explore and experiment with the various types of forms and form validations provided on this website. If you encounter any difficulties while creating your form or your code is not working as expected, you can download the source code files for this form for free by clicking the Download button. You can also view a live demo of it by clicking the View Live button.

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